centrepiece to Ranelagh Gardens which opened in 1742 to great acclaim. Ranelagh was a public pleasure garden, similar to the older Vauxhall Gardens, and situated in Chelsea (then outside London). The rotunda was designed by William Jones and included a central support with a chimney and fireplace for use in winter. In 1765, the nine-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart performed in the rotunda. This is one of two interior views of the rotunda painted by Canaletto, the other being in the National Gallery, London.
Canaletto The Interior of the Rotunda, Ranelagh About 1751 © Compton Verney